Household Size and Health Status of Rural Dwellers: Evidence From The Federal Capital Territory, Nigeria.
Household size is one of the determinants of socio-economic development of any country. It is the total number of people living in a house, sharing certain things in common and may contain more than a family. Household size varies in size in space for diverse reasons with its attendant impact on the health status. Health status is the range of manifestation of disease in a given society. In the light of this, the present study is conceived, in order to establish the relationship between household size and health status of rural areas of Federal Capital Territory, Nigeria. The study involved 400 rural households across the six area councils of the study area. Combination of multi-stage, Probability Proportional to Size (PPS) and purposive sampling techniques were adopted to obtain all the relevant data. In all, in-depth- interviews (IDI), Focus Group Discussions (FGDs) were conducted and questionnaires were also administered in the purposively selected settlements of the six area ouncils on the subject matter. The data were subjected to correlation analysis. The results show that there is a strong relationship between household sizes and life expectancy as the p-value of .007 < 0.05 level of significance at a correlation level of 0.529 at 22 df.; there is weak relationship between household size and infant
mortality with correlation co-efficient is 0.349 and in the relationship between household size and level of diseases there is weak relationship as correlation co-efficient is .356 in the study area. In the face of this finding, the study recommends manageable household size as one of the conditions for healthy living upon which economic growth can evolve. This can be achieved through adequate family education.
© Department of Geography, Obafemi Awolowo University Ile-Ife, Nigeria 2016